CBC and Radio Canada International Shortwave Service - History
Excerpts from: Canada Handbook 1950; Ministry of Trade and Commerce; Canada.
“With the addition of four stations of the former Broadcasting Corporation of Newfoundland, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation now operates 18 standard band stations (seven of them with a power of 50,000 watts), five FM transmitters and 19 low power relay stations. The latter are satellite [i.e. ‘peripheral’ - not fed by space satellite way back then] transmitters servicing communities not able to receive an adequate signal from a Canadian station, and not large enough to support their own local station. The publicly owned stations, supplemented by privately owned affiliates, make CBC network service available to over 90 percent of Canada’s population.
“A cardinal rule of CBC program planning is that program schedules should include radio fare to meet all tastes. Canadian talent is used to the fullest possible extent. Over 80 percent of all programs carried on CBC networks are Canadian in origin. The balance consists of programs which the CBC carefully chooses from other countries on the basis of listeners’ preferences and needs. These programs are mostly of types not available within Canada and are chosen with the overall program balance picture in mind.
CBC International Service
“In operating the International Service, the CBC in effect acts as agent for the Government. Funds are voted specifically by Parliament for the purpose of maintaining this service and none of the revenues of the CBC for service to Canadian listeners are used [i.e. the annual $2.50 listener licence]. The policies of the International Service are laid down after consultation with the Department of External Affairs, and there is an Advisory Committee composed of representatives of the Corporation, of the Department of External Affairs and of the Department of Trade and Commerce.
“Operations during the year ended March 31 1949 involved approximately 4800 hours of broadcasting including news, talks, music, interviews with foreign nationals visiting Canada as well as with Canadians who speak foreign languages, actualities, dramas, documentaries, international conference reports and commentaries, trade news and reviews, special programs in honour of national holidays, and periods when CBC International Service facilities were loaned without charge to the United Nations Radio Division for transmission of the material direct from Lake Success, New York.”