IBM has not had a major presence in Silicon Valley. You can see part of Silicon Valley’s current location in Santa Clara County. By the Bay is “Xerox’s Palo Alto” and San Jose is just southeast of that.
This century-old map shows the area before extensive bridge building. Only one bridge crosses the Bay - and the Golden Gate Bridge is not there yet. Railroad access to the harbour area works around bodies of water. If you can see them, light blue lines denote electrified mass transit.
San Francisco was the Pacific terminal of the first railroad connection with the eastern US.
(The transisthmian Panama Railroad was the first ‘transcontinental’ in 1855. Within Tumblr I think I would find more people who could argue that the Panama Railroad was a true ’transcontinental railroad’ and the Union Pacific really was not … than I would in the general population. This is refreshing)
Before the Union/Central Pacific Railroad completion in 1869, San Francisco - the ocean port - had been key in providing access to the southwestern interior for gold rushes, eastward railroad building, and other adventures.
Initially, many travellers from the east arrived by ship ’around the Horn’. In subsequent years they could avoid the tempestuous Cape Horn segment and the long, slow sea voyage by taking the Panama Railroad land bridge between the oceans.
from: A Descriptive Review of the Commercial, Industrial, Agricultural, Historical Development of the State of New York; George F Cram; 1912; New York
‘The Ferry Building at the foot of Market Street was the center of San Francisco traction [ie propulsion by electric traction motors] activity throughout almost the entire street-railway era. A two-car Market Street Railway train from the Valencia Street line swings around the loop in the Embarcadero in front of the Ferry Building. The cars were part of the 200-car order received from St Louis in the aftermath of the 1906 fire.’
from: The Time of the Trolley; William D Middleton; 1967; Kalmbach Publishing Co.
California, Petroluem Deposits and Pipelines, circa 1910
‘Petroleum is found in California in a belt about 225 miles long, extending from the Coalinga district in Fresno County, at the north, to the Puenta Hills district in Orange County at the south. The fields in this belt, which are among the most prolific in the United States, produce mainly oils of medium to heavy grade, with asphaltic base.
‘Oil seeps are numerous and asphalt beds cover wide areas. In no other region in North America is oil found in commercial quantities where the structure is so complicated, nor are surface indications so abundant in any other American fields.’
from: Geology of Petroleum; William Emmons; 1921; McGraw-Hill Book Co.
LaSalle Monument, Lake Front Park, St Joseph, Michigan
Mailed in July 1911 from nearby Stevensville, Michigan to Berlin, Ontario.
During World War One, Berlin, Ontario’s name was patriotically changed to Kitchener to commemorate the late Field Marshal Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener - the British Secretary of State for War. On the way to Russia in 1916, in a gale, his ship hit a mine and his body was never found.